车载中控屏信息布局对视觉搜索绩效的影响
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作者单位:

1.北京建筑大学;2.中国标准化研究院

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中图分类号:

U417.3

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFF0206601);北京社科基金一般项目 (19GLB029)


Influence of Information Layout of Vehicle Central Control Screen on Visual Search Performance
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Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture

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    摘要:

    车载中控屏是智能汽车驾驶员在行车中频繁使用的信息交互媒介,研究为了获取车载中控屏的最佳信息布局位置,对不同年龄组的参试者在中控屏不同信息布局位置的视觉绩效进行实验测试。通过视觉搜索的方法研究了静视野、动视野两种条件下年龄在视觉绩效上的差异,以此评价车载中控屏幕中不同信息布局位置的有效性。实验中,将模拟的车载中控屏划分为6个信息布局位置,设置横向和纵向两种中控屏摆放方式,以年龄和信息布局位置为自变量,共采集26名参试者的反应时长和眼动数据。结果表明,静视野下的平均搜索时长为1 222.76毫秒、动视野下的平均搜索时长为1 725.80毫秒,同时实验过程中老年组付出了更多的视觉注意资源。最终得出如下结论:①静视野测试下,老年组在信息布局右侧位置视觉绩效表现不佳;在左下侧、中下部位的视觉绩效表现良好。②动视野测试下,老年组在信息布局的右侧位置将付出更多的视觉注意力;在左上侧、中间部位的视觉绩效表现良好。可见,随着年龄的增加越靠近有效视野范围的信息,视觉绩效表现更好。且横向摆放设计的中控屏幕更适合老年人群。

    Abstract:

    With the popularity of intelligent vehicles, the on-board central control screen has become an information exchange medium frequently used by drivers in driving. In order to obtain the information best layout position of the on-board central control screen, the visual performance of participants of different age groups in different information layout positions of the central control screen was tested experimentally. Through the visual search method, this research designs the difference of age in visual performance under the two conditions of static field of vision and dynamic field of vision, so as to evaluate the effectiveness of different information layout positions in the vehicle central control screen. In the experiment, the simulated on-board central control screen was divided into 6 information layout positions, and the horizontal and vertical central control screen placement modes were set. Taking age and information layout position as independent variables, the reaction time and eye movement data of 26 participants were collected. The results showed that the average search time in the static field was 1 222.76 MS and that in the dynamic field was 1 725.80 MS. At the same time, the elderly group paid more visual attention resources during the experiment. Finally, the following conclusions are drawn: ① Under the static visual field test, the visual performance of the elderly group in the right position of information layout was poor; The visual performance in the lower left, middle and lower parts were good. ② Under the dynamic visual field test, the elderly group will pay more visual attention on the right side of the information layout; The visual performance in the upper left and middle parts were good. It is concluded that with the increase of age, the closer the information to the effective field of vision, the better the visual performance., and the horizontal central control screen is more suitable for the old.

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褚英帆,秦华,冉令华,等. 车载中控屏信息布局对视觉搜索绩效的影响[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2022-02-08
  • 最后修改日期:2022-04-03
  • 录用日期:2022-05-05
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