生理心理参数在道路交通安全研究中的应用
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作者单位:

1.昆明理工大学;2.昆明理工大学交通工程学院

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中图分类号:

491

基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)


The Application of Drivers" Physiological and Psychological Parameters in the Research of Road Traffic Safety
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Affiliation:

1.Kunming University of Science and Technology;2.School of Transportation,Kunming University of Science and Technology

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    摘要:

    为从驾驶人的个体因素分析驾驶行为,探究驾驶人的生理心理反应特性,进而为道路交通安全研究提供理论支撑,驾驶人的生理心理参数成为支持该类研究的关键指标。本文采用文献计量学方法及VOSviewer软件分析了8年(2012-2020年)的相关文献,明确该研究领域的重点关注主题、关键研究成果及研究进展,从道路线形设计、道路景观设计、交通标志标线设计、道路评价四个维度梳理了驾驶人生理心理参数在道路环境中的应用,也从驾驶疲劳、驾驶分心和不同道路情境三个角度出发论述了驾驶人生理心理参数在驾驶行为研究中的应用,并且还对生理心理参数在交通安全研究领域内的应用前景进行了探讨和展望。

    Abstract:

    Analyze driving behavior from the driver’s individual factors, explore the driver’s physiological and psychological response characteristics, and provide theoretical support for road traffic safety research. The physiological and psychological parameters of drivers have become a key indicator to support this type of research, and physiological and psychological instruments have become an important tool to support this research. Physiological and psychological instruments have the advantages of convenient operation and low cost, and are widely used in various fields of traffic safety research. This paper uses bibliometrics methods and VOSviewer software to analyze the relevant literature for 8 years (2012-2020), and clarifies the key topics, key research results and research progress of this research field. From the four dimensions of road alignment design, road landscape design, traffic sign and marking design, and road evaluation, the application of the physiological and psychological parameters of drivers in the road environment is sorted out. It also discusses the application of drivers’ physiological and psychological parameters in driving behavior research from the perspectives of driving fatigue, driving distraction, and different road situations. And discussed and prospected the application prospects of physiological and psychological instruments in the field of traffic safety research.

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郭凤香,周怡雯. 生理心理参数在道路交通安全研究中的应用[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2021-12-14
  • 最后修改日期:2022-03-10
  • 录用日期:2022-03-16
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