黑龙江流域中俄水资源承载力对比分析
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黑龙江大学水利电力学院

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S273;TV213

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黑龙江大学研究生创新科研项目(YJSCX2021-083HLJU)


Comparative Analysis on Water Resources Carrying Capacity of China and Russia in Heilongjiang River Basin
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School of Hydraulic and Electric Power, Heilongjiang University

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    摘要:

    黑龙江流域水资源承载力影响着中俄两国的自然生态环境,对两国水资源保护和高效利用意义重大。通过分析黑龙江流域中俄9个相关政区的供水情况及生产水足迹,采用RG-RP关系图法对比分析流域中俄相关政区的水资源承载力状况。结果表明:中国四个政区中黑龙江省供水能力最强,俄罗斯侧五个政区中哈巴罗夫斯克边疆区的供水能力最强;中国生产水足迹明显多于俄罗斯侧,且水资源压力较大,其中辽宁省最为显著。可见中国各政区的用水效率较高,水资源开发利用程度较低,水资源承载力优于俄罗斯侧。为中俄跨境流域水资源监测和环境保护提供参考。

    Abstract:

    The carrying capacity of water resources in the Heilongjiang River Basin affects the natural ecological environment of China and Russia, and is of great importance for the conservation and effective use of water resources in both countries. By analyzing the water supply and produced water footprints of nine related political regions in the Heilongjiang River basin, the RG-RP relationship diagram method was used to compare and analyze the water resources carrying capacity of the related political regions in the basin. The results show that: Heilongjiang Province has the strongest water supply capacity among the four political regions in China, and Khabarovsk Territory has the strongest water supply capacity among the five political regions on the Russian side; China has a significantly larger produced water footprint and higher water stress than the Russian side, with Liaoning Province being the most significant. It is concluded that the water use efficiency of Chinese political regions is higher, the degree of water resources exploitation is lower, and the water resources carrying capacity is better than the Russian side. It provides a reference for water resources monitoring and environmental protection in the cross-border watersheds of China and Russia.

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李梦玲,戴长雷,高宇,等. 黑龙江流域中俄水资源承载力对比分析[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2021-12-09
  • 最后修改日期:2022-04-27
  • 录用日期:2022-04-30
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