基于ASTER-GDEM数据的亚东-谷露和错那-沃卡裂谷系地区构造地貌分析
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成都理工大学

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P931

基金项目:

国家自然科学(41972118);冈底斯-喜马拉雅铜矿资源基地调查项目(DD20160015)资助。


Tectonic geomorphological analysis of Yadong Gulu and cona-oiga rift system based on ASTER-GDEM data
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Affiliation:

Chengdu University of Technology

Fund Project:

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (General Program, Key Program, Major Research Plan)(41972118);Gangdise Himalayan copper resource base investigation project(DD20160015)

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    摘要:

    基于ASTER GDEM数据运用ArcGIS技术对藏东南地区进行高程、地势起伏度、坡度、条带剖面和面积-高程积分值(Hypsometry Index, HI)等数字地貌分析,结合前人资料分析藏南东部区域地质地貌特征。结果表明:研究区数字高程模型和真实地貌相吻合,亚东-谷露和错那-沃卡裂谷系的展布对研究区地貌格局划分起着重要作用,区内表现出西高东低和南高北低的地貌格局,米拉山地垒影响拉萨河和尼洋河的发育,沃卡地堑促进雅鲁藏布江向东发育。HI变化能反映出构造活动和岩相差异,米拉山地垒和念青唐古拉演化阶段进入幼年期(HI>0.6)是构造活动因素主导,壮年期(0.35

    Abstract:

    Based on Aster GDEM data, ArcGIS technology is used to analyze the digital landform of Southeast Tibet, such as elevation, topographic relief, slope, strip profile, and area elevation index (Hypsometry Index, HI). Combined with previous data, the regional geological and geomorphic characteristics of eastern Tibet are analyzed. The results show that the digital elevation model of the study area is consistent with the real landform. The distribution of the Yadong Gulu and cona-oiga rift system plays an important role in the division of geomorphic patterns in the study area. The geomorphic pattern of West High and east low and South high and North low is shown in the area. Mira mountain Horst affects the development of Lhasa River and Niyang River, and Woka graben promotes the Eastward Development of Yarlung Zangbo River. HI variation can reflect tectonic activities and lithofacies differences. The evolution stage of Mira mountain Horst and Nyainqentanglha enter the juvenile stage (HI > 0.6), which is dominated by tectonic activities. In the adult stage (0.35 < HI < 0.60), it is mostly distributed on both banks of river channels and both sides of the rift system. Hi (0.35 < HI < 0.43) at rivers, lakes, and rift system evolves into the senile stage, which is related to Glacier and river denudation, The development of rift system and river lake basin in the outflow area lead to higher hi than that in the inflow area. The geomorphic factors in the northeast of the study area are different from those in the southwest. According to the differences in the area, it is speculated that the geomorphic genesis of the South-North rift system and its periphery in southern Tibet is in good agreement with the eastward flow model of the lower crust of the lithosphere.

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曹志超,朱利东,杨文光,等. 基于ASTER-GDEM数据的亚东-谷露和错那-沃卡裂谷系地区构造地貌分析[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2021-09-25
  • 最后修改日期:2022-04-18
  • 录用日期:2022-04-24
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