交旅融合背景下高速公路旅游特色服务区选址研究
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武汉理工大学交通与物流工程学院

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U491

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国家自然科学基金(71771183)


Research on Site Selection of Expressway Tourism Characteristic Service Area under the Background of Transportation and Tourism Integration
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School of Transportation and Logistics Engineering

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    摘要:

    高速公路服务区是展示地方经济、特色的重要场所,交通与旅游融合发展方式迫切要求服务区转型升级。为了解决交通与旅游融合发展背景下高速公路旅游特色服务区的选址问题,在深度剖析交旅融合发展定义以及高速公路旅游特色服务区内涵的基础上,从高速公路选取、确定预选点位、优化选址三方面建立一套完整体系的、多层次的服务区选址模型。先采用K均值聚类分析将研究广域进行发展分类,对途经旅游丰富和经济发达地区的高速公路进行选取。再利用交通经济耦合协调模型分析高速公路沿线关键点位的空间差异以及对服务区的需求程度,确定服务区的预选点位。最后在以客流量最大化为目标的优化模型基础上,融入旅游吸引力因素,构建总服务量最大模型。以湖北省为例,结合地域景点以及民俗文化特色,进行旅游特色服务区的选址布局,并对每个服务区进行特色主题设计,验证模型的合理性和有效性。

    Abstract:

    The expressway service area is an important showcase to present the local economy and characteristics. The integration of transportation and tourism requires the transformation and upgrading of service area. In order to solve the location problem of expressway tourism characteristic service area under the background of traffic and tourism integration development, based on the in-depth analysis of the definition of traffic and tourism integration development and the connotation of expressway tourism characteristic service area, a set of comprehensive and multi-level service area location model was established from three aspects: highway selection, pre selection point location and optimization of location. Firstly, the research area was classified by K-means cluster analysis, and the highway in the areas with rich tourism and developed economy was selected. Then, the spatial difference of key points along the expressway and the demand for service area were analyzed by using the traffic economic coupling coordination model, and the pre-selected point of service area was determined. Finally, based on the optimization model aiming at maximizing the passenger flow, the tourism attraction factor was integrated to construct the maximum model of total service volume. Taking Hubei Province as an example, combining with the regional scenic spots and folk culture characteristics, the location and layout of tourism characteristic service areas were carried out, and the theme design of each service area was carried out. These verify the rationality and effectiveness of the model.

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詹斌,苏健,楚炳乾. 交旅融合背景下高速公路旅游特色服务区选址研究[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2021-09-23
  • 最后修改日期:2022-02-28
  • 录用日期:2022-03-02
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