重庆市长大公路隧道运营期安全事故统计分析
DOI:
作者:
作者单位:

1.重庆交通大学;2.重庆交通大学土木工程学院、省部共建山区桥梁及隧道工程国家重点实验室;3.重庆交通大学土木工程学院

作者简介:

通讯作者:

中图分类号:

U458.1

基金项目:

国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(52008068);重庆市自然科学基金面上项目(cstc2019jcyj-msxmX0600);省部共建山区桥梁及隧道工程国家重点实验室开放基金项目(SKLBT-19-013)


Statistical Analysis of Safety Accidents in Chongqing Long-and Large-scale Highway Tunnels’ Operating Period
Author:
Affiliation:

College of Civil Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University

Fund Project:

National Natural Science Foundation of China Youth Science Fund Project (52008068); Chongqing Natural Science Foundation General Project (cstc2019jcyj-msxmX0600); Provincial and Ministry Co-construction of Mountain Bridge and Tunnel Engineering State Key Laboratory Open Fund Project (SKLBT-19-013)

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 文章评论
    摘要:

    重庆市高山大水,隧多且长,是公路隧道运营期安全事故多发地。为探究其事故发生规律及其特征,明确影响隧道运营安全的关键因素,本文对重庆地区长大公路隧道运营期所发生的260起安全事故信息进行调查分析。研究表明:事故数量与隧道长度呈正相关,相近事故量下长隧道伤亡情况较特长隧道更为严重,死亡人数占比71%;交通事故量占隧道运营期总安全事故量的87%,其主要形态为占比达51%的追尾和碰撞等“车-车”事故;小型客车和货车是交通事故的主要车辆类型,分别占比57.3%、38.2%;大型客车事故伤亡率最高,为4人/起;交通事故集中于1-2月、4-8月及10月;80%的隧道非交通事故发生于春夏两季;重庆市长大公路隧道事故伤亡的最不利组合为“夏季(7月)10:00-16:00+货车+交通事故”。可为重庆地区长大公路隧道运营安全管理提供基础参考。

    Abstract:

    A large number of long-and large-scale highway tunnels were built due to the high mountains and large rivers in Chongqing. While safety accidents frequently occurred during the operation period. In order to explore the regularity and characteristics of accidents, and to clarify the key factors affecting the operational safety, 260 accidents were investigated and analyzed in this paper. The results show that the number of accidents is positively correlated with the length of the tunnel, and in the case of similar accidents, the casualties of long tunnels are more serious than those of extra-long tunnels, accounting for 71% of the fatalities. Traffic accidents account for 87% of the total accidents during the operation period, and the main form is “vehicle-vehicle” accidents such as rear-end accidents and collisions, which account for 51%. Minibuses and trucks are the main types of traffic accidents, accounting for 57.3% and 38.2%, respectively. Motorbuses have the highest casualty rate, with 4 persons per case. Traffic accidents mainly occur from January to February, April to August and October, while 80% of non-traffic accidents occur in spring and summer. The most unfavorable combination of casualties is the traffic accident caused by truck in summer (July) from 10:00 to 16:00. According to the regularity and characteristics of accidents, basic reference for operation safety management of long-and large-scale highway tunnel in Chongqing can be provided from this paper.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文

李亮亮,徐湃,朱代强,等. 重庆市长大公路隧道运营期安全事故统计分析[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

复制
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
  • HTML阅读次数:
  • 引用次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-12
  • 最后修改日期:2021-09-03
  • 录用日期:2021-09-29
  • 在线发布日期:
  • 出版日期:
×
关于近期《科学技术与工程》编辑部居家办公的说明
亟待确认的版面费信息