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吴鹏飞,孙红燕,张福勇,等. 黏结剂对RDX/Al复合含能材料的性能影响[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2021, 21(24): 10263-10269.
Wu Pengfei,Sun Hongyan,Zhang Fuyong,et al.The Effect of Binder on the Properties of RDX/Al Composite Energetic Materials[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2021,21(24):10263-10269.
黏结剂对RDX/Al复合含能材料的性能影响
The Effect of Binder on the Properties of RDX/Al Composite Energetic Materials
投稿时间:2021-01-06  修订日期:2021-05-28
DOI:
中文关键词:  喷雾干燥法 含铝炸药 RDX 黏结剂
英文关键词:spray drying method  aluminized explosives  RDX  binder
基金项目:国家国防科工局基础产品创新科研项目
                    
作者单位
吴鹏飞 中北大学环境与安全工程学院
孙红燕 中北大学环境与安全工程学院
张福勇 中科信工程咨询(北京)有限责任公司
洪志伟 中科信工程咨询(北京)有限责任公司
宋昌贵 中北大学环境与安全工程学院
杨玥 中北大学环境与安全工程学院
李小东 中北大学环境与安全工程学院
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中文摘要:
      为了研究不同黏结剂对RDX/Al复合含能材料性能的影响,分别以氟橡胶(F2602)、热塑性聚氨酯(Estane5703)和硝化棉(NC)为黏结剂,利用喷雾干燥法制备了三种含有不同黏结剂成分的RDX/Al复合含能材料。采用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、X射线光电子能谱仪(XPS)、X射线衍射仪(XRD)和差示扫描量热仪(DSC)对样品的形貌、表面元素、结构和热分解特性进行了表征;采用12型工具法测试了样品的撞击感度。结果表明:以F2602为黏结剂制备的样品表面光滑,颗粒密实,表面有大量F元素且Al元素含量最少,包覆黏结效果最好;使用三种黏结剂制备的样品晶型未发生改变;使用F2602、Estane5703和NC制备的样品热爆炸临界温度较RDX分别降低了6.17 K、0.81 K和6.24 K,说明铝粉的加入提高了RDX的热分解活性;以F2602为黏结剂制备的样品特性落高较RDX提高了68.3 cm,撞击感度最低。
英文摘要:
      To illustrate the effect of different binders on the properties of RDX/Al composite energetic materials, three kinds of RDX/Al composite energetic materials coated with different binders were prepared by spray drying method using fluororubber (F2602), thermoplastic polyurethane (Estane5703), and nitrocellulose (NC), respectively. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) were utilized to characterize the morphology, surface elements, crystal structure and thermal decomposition characteristics of the samples, respectively. The impact sensitivity of the samples was tested by Type 12 tool method. The results show that the sample coated with F2602 have a smooth surface and compact particles, with the highest content of F element and the least amount of Al element on the surface, indicating the best coating effect of F2602. The crystal structure of the samples coated with the three binders are remained without phase transformation. The critical temperature of thermal explosion of the samples coated with F2602, Estane5703, and NC are reduced by 6.17 K, 0.81 K and 6.24 K respectively compared with RDX, indicating that the thermal decomposition activity of RDX is promoted by the addition of aluminum powder. Compared with RDX, the characteristic drop height of the sample coated with F2602 is improved by 68.3 cm, which has the lowest impact sensitivity.
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