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闫晨,陈锦涛,段芮,等. 基于压力-状态-响应模型的历史街区防火韧性评估体系构建及应用——以福州市三坊七巷为例[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2021, 21(8): 3290-3296.
YAN Chen,CHEN Jin-tao,DUAN Rui,et al.Evaluation Index System for Fireproof Resilience of Historic Blocks Based on PSR Model:A Case of Three Lanes and Seven Alleys in Fuzhou[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2021,21(8):3290-3296.
基于压力-状态-响应模型的历史街区防火韧性评估体系构建及应用——以福州市三坊七巷为例
Evaluation Index System for Fireproof Resilience of Historic Blocks Based on PSR Model:A Case of Three Lanes and Seven Alleys in Fuzhou
投稿时间:2020-05-19  修订日期:2020-11-28
DOI:
中文关键词:  历史街区  防火  PSR模型  评估体系  韧性
英文关键词:historic blocks  fireproof  PSR model  index system  resilience
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年(20YJC760079)、福建农林大学艺术学院园林学院学科交叉融合引导项目(YSYL-xkjc-5)
              
作者单位
闫晨 福建农林大学园林学院
陈锦涛 福建农林大学园林学院
段芮 杭州园林设计院股份有限公司
任维 福建农林大学园林学院
兰思仁 福建农林大学园林学院
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中文摘要:
      在韧性城市的建设背景下,历史街区的防火韧性被解释为:在降低火灾风险和维持自身稳定性的同时具备抵抗力、适应力和恢复力。基于PSR(压力-状态-响应)模型,结合专家打分法和层次分析法,构建由33个指标层组成的历史街区防火韧性评估体系。以福州市三坊七巷为例开展的评估结果表明,该街区压力层潜在的刺激性较大、状态层暴露出的敏感性较高,但同时响应层表现出的适应性较强。针对研究结果,分别从建筑性能、街区空间和管理机制3个方面提出优化策略。研究既可为定量评估历史街区的消防能力提供参考依据,亦可为推进我国历史街区的保护和开发提供决策支持。
英文摘要:
      On the basis of resilient cities, the fireproof resilience of historic district is interpreted as resistance, adaptability and recovery while reducing fire risk and maintaining stability. Based on pressure-state-response model (PSR), via expert scoring and analytic hierarchy process (AHP), a fireproof resilience evaluation system of historic blocks is constructed, which is composed of 33 indicators. Taking Three Lanes and Seven Alleys in Fuzhou as an example, the evaluation results show that the pressure layer of the block has great potential stimulation and high sensitivity exposed in the state layer, but at the same time, the response layer has strong adaptability. According to the research results, optimization strategies are proposed from three aspects: building performance, block space and management mechanism. This study would not only provide a reference for evaluating the fire control capacity of historic district, but also provide support for promoting the protection and development of historic blocks in China.
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