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张帆,杜文风,张皓. 基于仿生子结构的铝合金板式节点拓扑优化[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2021, 21(4): 1489-1498.
ZhangFan,ZhangHao.Research on topology optimization of aluminum alloy gusset-type joint based on bionic substructures[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2021,21(4):1489-1498.
基于仿生子结构的铝合金板式节点拓扑优化
Research on topology optimization of aluminum alloy gusset-type joint based on bionic substructures
投稿时间:2020-04-23  修订日期:2020-11-04
DOI:
中文关键词:  铝合金节点  拓扑优化  子结构  仿生
英文关键词:aluminum alloy joint  topology optimization  substructures  bionic
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
        
作者单位
张帆 河南大学土木建筑学院
杜文风 河南大学土木建筑学院
张皓 河南大学土木建筑学院
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中文摘要:
      针对铝合金板式节点自重大且应用传统拓扑优化效果不佳的问题,在子结构拓扑优化的基础上利用仿生学原理提出一种仿生子结构划分方法,显著改善了铝合金板式节点的拓扑优化效果,并构建一种轻质高强的新型铝合金节点。首先以Y型节点为例提出仿生子结构拓扑优化的基本思路和数学模型并验证了该方法的有效性,然后应用该方法对传统铝合金板式节点进行拓扑优化研究。优化过程中,先使用SolidWorks软件建立节点模型,然后以甲虫前翅为仿生对象进行拓扑优化子结构划分,并应用HyperWorks有限元软件中的OptiStruct求解器进行给定荷载条件下的节点拓扑优化分析,再通过OSSmooth模块进行FEA reanalysis处理,提取优化结果的关键拓扑特征,最后将拓扑节点有限元模型通过SolidWorks软件进行重建模设计,获得新型铝合金节点。研究结果表明:仿生子结构拓扑优化方法有效提升了结构优化效率和优化效果,应用该方法得到的新型铝合金节点在最大等效应力降低19.97%的同时大幅降低其自重52.91%。
英文摘要:
      Aiming at the problem of over large self-weight of aluminum alloy gusset-type joint and poor results of traditional topology optimization, a bionic substructures division method was proposed by using bionics principles based on substructure topology optimization. The topological optimization effect of aluminum alloy gusset-type joint was improved significantly and a new light-weight and high-strength aluminum alloy joint was constructed. Firstly, the basic idea and mathematical model of bionic substructures topology optimization were proposed and the validity of this method was verified using the Y-type joint as an example. Then this method was applied to study the topological optimization of traditional aluminum alloy gusset-type joint. In the process of optimization, the SolidWorks software was used to build the joint model. Then the substructures of topology optimization were divided using the beetle"s forewing as the bionic referenced object. And the OptiStruct solver in HyperWorks finite element software was applied to analysis of joint topology optimization under the given load condition. Then the key topological features of the optimization result were extracted by FEA reanalysis processing through the OSSmooth module. Finally, the finite element model of the topological joint was reconstructed by SolidWorks software to obtain a new-type aluminum alloy joint. The results show that the bionic substructures topology optimization method improves the efficiency and effect of structural optimization greatly. Using this method, the maximum equivalent stress of the new-type aluminum alloy joint is reduced by 19.97% and its self-weight is greatly reduced by 52.91%.
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