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施泉生,马思源,任洪波,等. 基于优先级排序的用户侧电网调峰机制[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2020, 20(30): 12436-12442.
SHI Quan-sheng,MA Si-yuan,REN Hong-bo,et al.Mechanism Research of Residential Users' Participation in Grid Peak Shaving Based on Priority Sequencing[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2020,20(30):12436-12442.
基于优先级排序的用户侧电网调峰机制
Mechanism Research of Residential Users' Participation in Grid Peak Shaving Based on Priority Sequencing
投稿时间:2020-03-04  修订日期:2020-08-01
DOI:
中文关键词:  需求响应  智能用电  优先级排序  削峰填谷  激励机制
英文关键词:demand response  smart electricity  priority sequencing  peak load shaving  incentive mechanism
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(71403162)
              
作者单位
施泉生 上海电力大学经济与管理学院
马思源 上海电力大学经济与管理学院
任洪波 上海电力大学能源与机械工程学院
王子轩 上海电力大学经济与管理学院
张小彪 上海电力大学经济与管理学院
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中文摘要:
      传统的分时电价环境下,居民用户大量负荷转移至低电价时段,形成新的负荷高峰。为了缓解这一状况,提出了居民用户参与电网调峰的激励机制。以用户最小用电成本为目标函数,对家庭用电设备进行分类并建立数学模型;考虑调峰功率约束和补偿费用约束,运用改进的逼近理想解排序法(technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution, TOPSIS),并通过用户响应次数、响应功率等4个指标对每轮次参与调峰的用户进行优先级排序,最终确定参与调峰的用户名单。案例分析结果表明能够降低用户用电成本,减小系统的峰谷差。所提方法能够引导用户有序参与电网调峰,实现用户用电策略的优化。
英文摘要:
      Under the traditional time-of-use electricity price environment, a large number of loads of residential users were transferred to the low electricity price period, forming a new load peak. In order to alleviate this situation, an incentive mechanism to participate in power grid peak shaving was proposed.Household equipment was classified and load models were established with the user's minimum electricity cost as the objective function;consider the peak shaving power constraints and compensation cost constraints,technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution(TOPSIS) was proposed to use 4 indicators to prioritize users participating in peak shaving each round, and the list of users was finally determined. The case analysis results show that it can reduce the cost of electricity for users and reduce the peak-to-valley difference of the system. The proposed method can guide users to participate in orderly peak regulation and optimize user power consumption strategies.
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