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闫 盖,方明霞. 车辆悬架系统时滞速度反馈控制[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2020, 20(20): 8367-8372.
Yan Gai.Time-delay speed feedback control of vehicle suspension system[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2020,20(20):8367-8372.
车辆悬架系统时滞速度反馈控制
Time-delay speed feedback control of vehicle suspension system
投稿时间:2020-01-07  修订日期:2020-03-30
DOI:
中文关键词:  车辆悬架  时滞速度反馈控制  稳定性  优化
英文关键词:vehicle suspension  time-delay speed feedback control  stability  optimization
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
     
作者单位
闫 盖 上海第二工业大学 工学部
方明霞 同济大学 航空航天与力学学院
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中文摘要:
      在车辆悬架系统中引入时滞速度反馈控制,采用理论与数值相结合的方法研究控制系统的稳定性和控制特性。首先,建立了含控制输入时滞的悬架系统模型。然后采用多项式判别定理与全时滞稳定性判定定理研究系统的稳定性,获得满足全时滞稳定性的系统结构参数范围,并得到数值结果的验证。最后,在一定的系统固有时滞下,采用遗传算法对结构参数和控制增益进行优化,结果显示优化后的簧载质量加速度比优化前降低了22.7%,表明时滞速度反馈控制律可以有效改善悬架性能,为悬架结构参数的设计及控制策略的选择提供了理论依据,具有重要的工程应用价值。
英文摘要:
      In this paper, the time-delay speed feedback control is introduced into the vehicle suspension system, and the stability and control characteristics of the control system are studied by the combination of theoretical and numerical methods. Firstly, the model of suspension system with time delay is established. Then, the stability of the system is studied by using the polynomial discriminant theorem and the full delay stability discriminant theorem, and the range of system structural parameters satisfying the full delay stability is obtained. And the results are also verified by numerical method. Finally, under certain inherent time delay of the system, genetic algorithm is used to optimize the structural parameters and control gain. The results show that the optimized acceleration of spring load mass is 22.7% lower than that before optimization. It shows that the time delay speed feedback control can effectively improve the suspension performance, which provides a theoretical basis for the design of suspension structural parameters and the selection of control strategies. It has important engineering applications value.
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