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符兴源,刘帅,温琦,等. 城市公园绿地质量对青少年体力活动影响——以哈尔滨市为例[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2020, 20(32): 13129-13136.
fuxingyuan,刘帅,温琦,et al.Study on the Influence of Urban Park Green Space Quality on Physical Activity of Teenagers ——Taking Harbin City in Heilongjiang Province as an Example[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2020,20(32):13129-13136.
城市公园绿地质量对青少年体力活动影响——以哈尔滨市为例
Study on the Influence of Urban Park Green Space Quality on Physical Activity of Teenagers ——Taking Harbin City in Heilongjiang Province as an Example
投稿时间:2019-11-07  修订日期:2020-08-06
DOI:
中文关键词:  城市公园绿地  体力活动  距离  频率
英文关键词:Urban Green Space Physical Activities Distance Frequency
基金项目:黑龙江省自然科学基金(“人口多元化背景下城市公园绿地包容性设计研究”E2018009)
           
作者单位
符兴源 东北农业大学 园艺园林学院
刘帅 东北农业大学 园艺园林学院
温琦 东北农业大学 园艺园林学院
于帆 东北农业大学 园艺园林学院
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中文摘要:
      适当的体力活动对青少年身心健康具有良好促进作用。通过对城市公园绿地规划位置、环境质量和活动人群特征等因素与青少年体力活动的相互关系进行研究。在了解目前青少年体力活动情况的基础上,探讨促进青少年身心健康的环境设计方法。结果表明:公园绿地中青少年体力活动强度较低。受学业情况的限制,低年龄青少年体力活动频率更高。青少年PA频率与到访UGS的距离呈负相关,与时长呈正相关。距离公园近的青少年的访问频率高时间短、远距离的频率低但活动时间长。设计中开阔的水面、优美的建筑造型、完善的道路系统等环境因素能够增加青少年的活动频率,同时场地设计的趣味性、良好的设施维护与场地卫生情况对体力活动的开展具有重要促进作用。
英文摘要:
      Appropriate physical activity can promote adolescents'physical and mental health. Through the study of the relationship between the planning location of urban park green space, environmental quality and the characteristics of active population and physical activity of young people. On the basis of understanding the current situation of adolescents'physical activity, this paper explores the environmental design methods to promote adolescents' physical and mental health. The results show that the physical activity intensity of young people in park green space is not ideal. Limited by the academic situation, younger adolescents have a higher frequency of physical activity. The frequency of PA in adolescents was negatively correlated with the distance to UGS, and positively correlated with the length of time. Adolescents close to the park have high visiting frequency, short visiting time, low long distance visiting frequency and long activity time. Environmental factors such as open water surface, beautiful building shape and perfect road system can increase the frequency of teenagers'activities. Meanwhile, the interest of site design, good facilities maintenance and site hygiene play an important role in promoting physical activities.
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