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刘天翔,杜兆萌,程强,等. 红层软岩高边坡的时效变形特性[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2020, 20(27): 11315-11322.
LIU Tian-xiang,DU Zhao-meng,CHENG Qiang,et al.Time-dependent Deformation Characteristics of High Slope in Red Layer Soft Rock[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2020,20(27):11315-11322.
红层软岩高边坡的时效变形特性
Time-dependent Deformation Characteristics of High Slope in Red Layer Soft Rock
投稿时间:2019-10-31  修订日期:2020-09-25
DOI:
中文关键词:  红层  软岩 高边坡  蠕变 时效变形  数值分析
英文关键词:red beds soft rock high slope  creep aging deformation numerical analysis
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
           
作者单位
刘天翔 四川省公路规划勘察设计研究院有限公司
杜兆萌 四川省公路规划勘察设计研究院有限公司
程强 四川省公路规划勘察设计研究院有限公司
雷航 四川省公路规划勘察设计研究院有限公司
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中文摘要:
      为了研究边坡工程的长期稳定性,有鉴于红层地区的工程建设日益增多,受红层特殊工程地质特性的影响,红层软岩边坡在其整个寿命期内是一个逐渐“衰老”的过程,开挖边坡在运营5~10年以后常出现各种严重地质病害和安全风险,而在前期边坡稳定性评价中往往都采用传统的极限平衡法计算,但其无法根据红层特性预判边坡的长期稳定性和时效变形特征,无法指导工程设计制定出既经济又安全可靠的针对性预加固措施,因此为日后的长期安全运营留下了较大隐患。以西南红层山区某快速通道项目隧道改路基的深挖路堑100m级高边坡工程为例,通过FLAC3D建立了包含特殊节理裂隙单元的复杂数值模型,计算获得了边坡潜在变形范围、潜在滑面位置、深度等,对比分析了边坡刚开挖完成时、未加支护工程蠕变20年和增加支护工程蠕变20年后这三种工况下的长期稳定状态、位移及应力变化等时效变形特性,计算结果表明:红层地区高边坡在长期服役环境下会发生蠕变、应力松弛、软化破坏等复杂变形行为,其普遍存在于实际工程中,后期针对性的支护方案应高度重视红层软岩高边坡的时效变形问题。本文的计算结果成功应用于最终工程设计中,填补了传统计算方法难以分析解决此类问题的空白,以期为今后红层地区这类高达100m量级的软岩高边坡开挖后的时效变形特性研究和加固设计提供一定的参考和借鉴作用。
英文摘要:
      In order to study the long-term stability of slope engineering. Whereas the engineering construction in red beds area is increasing. Due to the special engineering geological characteristics of red beds, the red beds soft rock slope is a gradual "aging" process in its whole life. After 5 to 10 years of operation, excavated slopes often appear various serious geological diseases and safety risks. However, the traditional limit equilibrium method is often used to calculate the stability of slope in the early stage, but it is not. According to the characteristics of red beds, the method can not predict the long-term stability and time-dependent deformation characteristics of slope, and can not guide engineering design to formulate economic, safe and reliable targeted pre-reinforcement measures, thus leaving a greater hidden danger for the long-term safe operation in the future. In this paper, taking the 100m-grade deep excavation cutting high slope engineering of a fast-track project in southwest red beds mountainous area as an example, a complex numerical model including special joint and crack elements is established by FLAC3D. The potential deformation range, potential sliding surface location and depth of the slope are calculated and obtained. The creep of the slope at the completion of the first excavation, 20 years without additional support engineering and additional support workers are compared and analyzed. After 20 years of creep, the long-term stability, displacement and stress changes under these three conditions are analyzed. The results show that: Creep, stress relaxation, softening failure and other complex deformation behaviors of high slopes in red beds will occur under long-term service environment. They are ubiquitous in practical projects. The time-dependent deformation of high slopes in red beds should be paid great attention to in later supporting schemes. The results of this paper have been successfully applied to the final engineering design, filling in the blank of the traditional statistical calculation method which is difficult to analyze and solve such problems, in order to provide some reference for the future research and reinforcement design of the time-dependent deformation characteristics of such high soft rock slopes up to 100m magnitude in the red bed area.
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