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唐 倩,钟惠平,陈 粲,等. 太仓市露天草莓种植的气候区划[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2020, 20(20): 8086-8098.
TANG Qian,ZHONG Hui-ping,CHEN Can,et al.Climate division of open-air strawberry farming in Taicang[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2020,20(20):8086-8098.
太仓市露天草莓种植的气候区划
Climate division of open-air strawberry farming in Taicang
投稿时间:2019-09-11  修订日期:2019-10-29
DOI:
中文关键词:  露天草莓  农业气候资源 气象因子  农业气象灾害 农业气候区划
英文关键词:open-air  strawberry agricultural  climate resources  meteorological factors  agricultural meteorological  disasters agricultural  climate division
基金项目:
           
作者单位
唐 倩 南京信息工程大学气象灾害预报和评估协同创新中心
钟惠平 太仓市气象局
陈 粲 南京信息工程大学气象灾害预报和评估协同创新中心
包云轩 南京信息工程大学气象灾害预报和评估协同创新中心
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中文摘要:
      为了合理地安排露天草莓的种植布局、有效利用自然资源,从而提高草莓的产量和品质,获得更好的经济效益,以苏州太仓站及其周边6个气象站1971~2010年气温、降水和日照资料为数据源,根据草莓生长对气象条件的需求以及太仓的农业气候资源,确定草莓种植的气候区划指标,并利用普通克里金空间插值和几何分级法,对太仓市露天草莓种植进行了气候区划。结果表明:璜泾镇和浮桥镇北部地区不适宜种植草莓,沙溪镇中部、浮桥镇南部、浏河镇中部和西部地区是草莓种植的一般适宜区,而经济开发区、城厢镇、双凤镇、沙溪镇南部是草莓种植的最适宜区。太仓市的农业气候资源总体上适宜种植草莓,最终的区划结果可以为草莓的种植布局和品质的提升提供科学依据。
英文摘要:
      The aim of this paper was to improve the yield and quality of strawberry and get better economic benefits by arranging the layout of open-air strawberry planting reasonably and utilizing natural resources effectively. The data source was the temperature, precipitation and sunshine data of Suzhou Taicang station and six other weather stations around it from 1971 to 2010. According to the requirement of meteorological conditions for strawberry growth and the agricultural climate resources in Taicang, the climatic regionalization index of strawberry planting was determined. Then, the climate division of the open-air strawberry planting in Taicang was carried out by using ordinary Kriging space interpolation and geometric classification. The results show that Huangjing Town and the north of Fuqiao Town are not suitable for strawberry planting. The center of Shaxi Town, the south of Fuqiao Town, the center and west of Liuhe Town are the general suitable areas for strawberry planting, while the Economic Development Zone, Chengxiang Town, Shuangfeng Town and the south of Shaxi Town are the most suitable areas for strawberry planting. The agricultural climate resources of Taicang City are generally suitable for strawberry planting, and the final results can provide scientific basis for the strawberry planting layout and quality improvement.
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