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赖森华,陈春俊,闫磊,等. 基于层次分析法的地铁列车乘客综合舒适度评价体系[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2019, 19(36): 296-301.
LAI Sen-hua,YAN Lei,et al.Index System of Comprehensive Comfort Evaluation of Metro Passenger based on Analytic Hierarchy Process[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2019,19(36):296-301.
基于层次分析法的地铁列车乘客综合舒适度评价体系
Index System of Comprehensive Comfort Evaluation of Metro Passenger based on Analytic Hierarchy Process
投稿时间:2019-05-22  修订日期:2019-07-04
DOI:
中文关键词:  地铁列车  层次分析法(AHP)  综合舒适度  评价体系
英文关键词:metro  analytic hierarchy process (AHP)  comprehensive comfort  evaluation system
基金项目:国家重点研发计划
              
作者单位
赖森华 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司技术中心
陈春俊 西南交通大学机械工程学院
闫磊 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司技术中心
何智颖 西南交通大学机械工程学院
李艳萍 西南交通大学机械工程学院
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中文摘要:
      为建立针对不同乘坐体验的车内舒适度以及站内舒适度指标体系模型,基于地铁列车乘客舒适性调查结果,利用层次分析法(AHP)建立了层次分析模型,并确定了指标的权重关系。分析结果表明,人群密度、噪声、气压波动以及车内设施是影响地铁车内乘坐舒适性的显著因素,票价是影响站内乘客舒适性的重要因素。通过对比不同乘坐体验乘客的模型可知,体验倾向不舒适的乘客对运营服务水平有更高的需求,体验倾向舒适的乘客对车辆运行指标更为关注。基于模型分析结果,提出了地铁列车舒适性优化建议。
英文摘要:
      In order to build the riding comfort index system models for the in-coach and in-station samples with different riding experience, based on the survey of the riding comfort of the metro passenger, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) algorithm is applied to build analytic hierarchy models, and the weighting factors of the models are determined. The analyses of the model reveal that the crowd density, noise, variation of air pressure and facilities are the relatively significant factors that impact passenger’s in-coach riding comfort while the ticket price is the dominant factor affecting the comfort experience in the metro station. Comparison between riding comfort models shows that the passengers tending to have a discomfort riding experience will have higher demands on the level of operational service, while the passengers tending to have a comfort evaluation will focus on the vehicle-operation factors. Suggestions for the optimizing the comfort degree of the metro passengers are put forward based on the analyses of the models.
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