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徐正晓,李兆敏,鹿 腾,等. 微波采油技术研究现状及展望[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2019, 19(35): 10-18.
XU Zheng-xiao,LU Teng,et al.Research Status and Prospects of Microwave Enhanced Oil Recovery[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2019,19(35):10-18.
微波采油技术研究现状及展望
Research Status and Prospects of Microwave Enhanced Oil Recovery
投稿时间:2019-05-15  修订日期:2019-08-28
DOI:
中文关键词:  微波采油 非常规油气 提采机理 热采 纳米催化剂
英文关键词:microwave enhanced oil recovery unconventional oil and gas production mechanism thermal recovery nanocatalyst
基金项目:致密油储层纳米流体渗吸驱油机制研究,磁性纳米催化剂超稠油地下热催化裂解与提高采收率机制研究
              
作者单位
徐正晓 中国石油大学(华东)石油工程学院
李兆敏 中国石油大学(华东)石油工程学院
鹿 腾 中国石油大学(华东)石油工程学院
孟繁宇 中国石油大学(华东)石油工程学院
党法强 中国石油大学(华东)石油工程学院
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中文摘要:
      微波采油是一种利用电磁能高效转化的新型采油技术,在非常规油气绿色开发方面具有广阔的应用前景。基于此,结合大量文献调研,通过对微波采油进展的探讨,分析出微波采油的四种提采机理及应用现状。研究认为:微波采油的提采机理包括作用于原油的热效应和非热效应以及对储层产生影响的造缝作用及润湿反转作用;微波在采油生产中常用作原油分离、破乳、脱蜡、解堵等方式;在对稠油等非常规油藏进行开发时,以蒸汽为主的单一热采措施增产效果有限,微波辅助蒸汽热采以及纳米催化剂辅助微波采油是未来微波采油技术发展的主要方向。
英文摘要:
      Microwave enhanced oil recovery is a new type of oil recovery technology that utilizes electromagnetic energy for efficient conversion. It has broad application prospects in the development of unconventional oil and gas. Based on this, combined with a large number of literature research, through the discussion of the progress of microwave enhanced oil recovery, the four extraction mechanisms and application status of microwave enhanced oil recovery are analyzed. According to the research, the production mechanism of microwave enhanced oil recovery includes the thermal effect and non-thermal effect acting on crude oil; the effect of seam formation and wetting reversal acting on the reservoir. Microwave is often used in oil production for crude oil separation, demulsification, dewaxing, plugging and other methods. In the development of unconventional reservoirs such as heavy oil, the single thermal recovery method based on steam has limited effect on increasing production. Microwave-assisted steam thermal recovery and nanocatalyst-assisted microwave oil recovery are the main directions for the development of microwave enhanced oil recovery technology in the future.
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